March 21, 2023


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In Madagascar, the first climate famine

Report – In the south of the island, a long drought adds to the deep difficulties of one of the poorest countries on the planet. Conclusion: More than 1 million people have survived emergency humanitarian assistance. The first famine caused by global warming, experts estimate.

Special Envoy to Madagascar

The village of Betsimida in the center of the Androi region in the far south of Madagascar has two large wells. Drilling was carried out in 2019 with European assistance, but it was not used much. “They have been dry for almost two years, Explains Solhatra, a 44-year-old villager. It has not rained since January and nothing has grown in the fields. That’s it ”, He is, in short, dangerous. In Antandroy, the region’s ethnic group, “kéré” means famine associated with drought.

Without water, he is the father of 15 children, unable to cultivate cassava and beans as before, and rents two jeeps tow carts, filling up with water cans, by road, in Amboombai, 10 km away. For every 250-liter barrels sold to the village, one can count on him putting 5,000 arias in pockets, which is a little more than 1 euro. The situation is even more pessimistic for people like Seraphine, a 28-year-old widow and mother of 8: she

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