May 17, 2022

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In Europe, the summer of 2021 was the hottest year on record

In the warming world logs and peaks are more natural than ever. Last year, Europe experienced an unprecedented hot summer and was hit by severe heat waves, catastrophic fires and dramatic floods. This is what emerges Europe’s Climate Report for 2021 The European Copernicus Climate Change Monitoring Service released Friday, April 22, to mark Earth Day.

Copernicus uses data collected since 1950 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to establish its annual report, confirming that it has been ranked 6th globally in 2021 for the past seven years.And Or at 7And Square. This situation is very exceptional, as marked by two chapters last year La Nina, An event that lowers the planet’s global temperature. In total, the Earth has already warmed from 1.1 to 1.2 degrees Celsius since pre-industrial times, and the European continent has warmed by 2 degrees Celsius, with record amounts of greenhouse gases, human activities and especially fossil fuels burning (coal, oil and gas).

Read more The article is reserved for our subscribers Climate: The highest temperature recorded in the last seven years

Serious events

Despite the long-term trend of global warming, the old continent faces 2021. Although it did not occur during the ten warmest years, sea surface temperatures in the Mediterranean and the Baltic region remained very high for nearly twenty years. In June and July, the Baltic region was 5 degrees Celsius higher than normal.

The European spring was cooler than average, with some parts of Europe experiencing early onset and late frosts, which affected agriculture.

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Summer, on the other hand, became one of all the highlights. 1 degree Celsius higher than the 1991-2020 average, it was marked “Record temperature, intense and prolonged heat waves and exceptional flooding”, Says Freiza Wombork, report co-ordinator and senior scientist for the Copernicus Service. The Mediterranean region was particularly affected, with intense and prolonged heat waves recorded in July-August. Sicily broke several temperature records, including the European record of 48.8 degrees Celsius – which has not yet been confirmed by the WMO. In Italy, Greece and parts of Turkey, the heat wave lasted two to three weeks. This continuous heat and significant drought is conducive to violent wildfires, especially in Italy, Greece and Turkey. More than 800,000 hectares were smoked around the Mediterranean in July and August.

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