June 8, 2023


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Four questions about the threat to oust the ten ambassadors ordered by President Erdogan

They are accused of being “indecent”. The ten ambassadors in Turkey, including France, Germany and the United States, are in the sight of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who ordered their deportation on Saturday, October 23. This marginalized date has not yet been recorded but the Turkish president has indicated he wants to intervene “soon”. At the center of the case, adversary Osman Kavala, a wealthy patron, has been incarcerated since 2017 in a situation where he has been abused by the West. Franinfo returns to questions about this diplomatic crisis.

1Who is Osman Kavala?

The host, a political opponent who is very active in the cultural world as the owner of a large publishing house, has been jailed for nearly 1,500 days without being punished, his support group on Twitter recalled on Sunday.

Osman Kawla, a social justice, advocate and philanthropist of dialogue with Kurdish and Armenian minorities, was arrested and detained in 2017 for supporting popular protests by the Jesse movement in 2013. Although released in February 2020, the host has not been released from Sylvary’s high-security prison west of Istanbul because he has now been charged with involvement in the failed July 2016 coup in Turkey. Erdogan’s Pat Noir, Osman Kavala, is constantly accused of being a relay in the country of American billionaire Georgian Soros of Hungarian descent.

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As for the Turkish power, the Osman Guard is a symbol of the rich man who has close ties to international organizations, with the European Union, who supports oppressed minorities and can run civil society. In the Islamo-nationalist authoritarian discourse that divides the world and society between “us” and “the enemy”, Osman Kavala has in a way become a role model for the “enemy within”.

2Why is President Erdogan blaming these diplomats?

It’s all gone A press release (In English) Published by the Embassies of Canada, France, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States on October 18. “Fair and Quick Settlement” Osman Guard.

Despite the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) decision in December 2019 to immediately release the opponent, and despite threats of European sanctions, Turkey refuses to discuss the matter. In response to the October 18 press release, Recep Tayyip Erdogan asked To be announced by his Foreign Minister The person is non-grata Ambassadors from ten countries concerned, As reported Turkish state news agency Anatolia on Saturday. An act of leaving the country arbitrarily or compulsorily. “They have to learn Turkey, otherwise they have to give up”, Introduced the President of Turkey during the inauguration ceremony.

3How to explain Turkey’s reaction to countries that are “close”?

According to Didier Billion, Deputy Director of the Organization for International and Strategic Relations (Iris) and an expert in Turkey, President Erdogan “Stimulates nationalist fiber” For electoral purposes. If all the targeted countries are part of an OECD like Turkey, or seven of them are part of NATO, then Turkey plays a key role.

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Erdogan wants to attack hard. Today, he is in a very complicated domestic political situation. Didier Billion explained to Francispo on Sunday. Polls all indicate about 30% voting intent. (…) This deviation of its traditional electorate is explained by the very low economic situation. ” By activating the foreign intervention card, President Erdogan It is doing everything it can to unite its electorate, but it has nothing to do with the reality of Turkish justice. “ Analysis Didier Billion.

4How do targeted countries respond?

The move has so far not been followed by any diplomatic reaction. Neither Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Trian nor his colleagues commented on the inaccurate announcement. “We have not received any official notification yet”A French diplomatic source in Ankara told Franசois on Sunday. Didier announced a messenger, as Billion explains The person is non-grata A rare move that could have serious consequences for Turkey.

In diplomatic terms (…), the answer is symmetrical, He recalled. Turkish ambassadors from the ten countries involved may be recalled to Ankara. To the expert, the President Erdogan “He plays an infinitely dangerous game because he ignores routine diplomatic practices.” This case is a matter of domestic political calculation, underlining the Iris expert on the cost of cooperation with countries Very important to the Turkish economy and its political relations. “.