May 19, 2022

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According to Copernicus, the summer of 2021 was the hottest on record in Europe

Remember, mercury is high J47.4 ° C in Montero on August 14, In the south of Spain, the absolute national temperature broke the record. A few days ago, the Sicilians were still hot with a temperature of 48.8 degrees Celsius, which was a record. Inevitably, this heat wave is expected to emerge from the 2021 World Climate Report released this Friday. Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), European Earth Surveillance System. This is the fifth edition of this report, which Copernicus publishes every spring, during Earth Day, always with extensive attention in Europe.

“The last seven years have been the hottest on record”

An exercise that allows you to understand the reality of climate change. “Copernicus confirms this Friday that the last seven years are the hottest on record. 2021 is no exception to the rule, as in the last seven years, it has been “between the fifth and seventh place”, Copernicus notes.

As for Europe, in other words, 2021 is mixed. Overall, surface temperatures were 0.2 degrees Celsius higher than the 1991-2020 average, so 2021 was not the hottest year on record. Europe “, the report points out. Spring was cooler than average. However, at the end of March, with high temperatures at this time of year, it suddenly started to go out.Until the latter part of the frost that affected agriculture In many parts of the continent. Especially in France.

A record summer in Europe

For the summer that followed, it was the hottest on record. Copernicus notes that “one degree higher than the average of the last thirty years,” and then he recalls severe and prolonged (up to three weeks) heat waves. Touched the edge of the Mediterranean. Especially Turkey, Greece and Italy. Droughts are rampant and have wreaked havoc on wildfires. “Between July and August, the total smoked area of ​​Mediterranean Europe exceeded 800,000 hectares,” the report recalls. Thirty years in the region, at the forefront of the fire, is enough to turn it into one of the most intense seasons. As another sign of this particularly hot summer, Copernicus recorded surface temperatures of up to 5 degrees Celsius above average in various parts of the Baltic Sea.

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Particularly vulnerable to climate change is an area closely monitored by Arctic Copernicus. Temperatures in 2021 were colder than a year earlier, but 2020 was marked by unusually high temperatures in the region, which should be noted. Last year, CO2 emissions were incorporated Wildfires in the Arctic, mainly in eastern Siberia, The fourth largest since recorded. That was 2003. Sea ice has reached its twelfth lowest level since satellite recordings began in 1979, the report continues. This is the lowest level ever recorded for Greenland sea ice.

Constantly increasing CO2 and methane concentrations

In the end, even though this year is the hottest in the last seven years, in 2021 the Earth will continue to warm. Copernicus tells us not to have any illusions about this and to take a step back to feel better about it. “There is a clear global increase in surface temperatures on land and at sea, compared to pre-industrial levels,” the report said. These increased from 1.1 to 1.2 degrees Celsius. ⁇

Similar attention has been paid to sea level rise of 9 cm since 1993 or to the glaciers of Greenland and Antarctica. “Recent consolidated data show that they will continue to lose mass until the end of 2020,” Copernicus recalled. And is this not going to change? By 2021, global concentrations of CO2 and methane, two powerful greenhouse gases, particularly methane, will continue to rise, Copernicus reports based on these estimates.